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JURIDICA INTERNATIONAL. LAW REVIEW.
UNIVERSITY OF TARTU (1632)

Sootak, Jaan

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Articles in Juridica

  • Additional Punishment for Traffic Offences. Decision of the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court in Case No. 3-1-1-75-16, Juridica Abstract, 2016, No. 9, pp. 676-680
  • Prohibition of Repeated Consideration in Imposition of a Punishment, Juridica Abstract, 2016, No. 8, pp. 581-592
  • Constellation of Robbery and Offences against the Person. Decision of the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court in case No. 3-1-1-27-16, Juridica Abstract, 2016, No. 3, pp. 205-208
  • Amendments and Supplementations to the General Part of the Penal Power. Recurrent Amendments to Implementation of the Provisions of the Special Part, Juridica Abstract, 2014, No. 8, pp. 582-591
  • Offences Against Life and Health, Juridica Abstract, 2014, No. 8, pp. 603-610
  • Marko Kairjak, Jaan Sootak. Latest Decisions on Offences Against Property by the Supreme Court. Decision of the Criminal Chamber in Case No. 3-1-1-23-14, Juridica Abstract, 2014, No. 4, pp. 339-346
  • Reference Norm and Unlawfulness of an Offence Act. Decision 3-1-1-106-13 of the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court, Juridica Abstract, 2014, No. 2, pp. 160-164
  • Anneli Soo, Jaan Sootak. Right of Self-Defence in the Case-Law of the Criminal Chamber in the Past Decade, Juridica Abstract, 2014, No. 2, pp. 144-156
  • Revision of Penal Law at the Junction of Criminal, Misdemeanour and Administrative Law, Juridica Abstract, 2013, No. 4, pp. 242-248
  • Uniform Use of Definitions in Penal Power. The Supreme Court Decision 3-1-1-40-12, Juridica Abstract, 2012, No. 10, pp. 790-794
  • Attempt to Cause Life-threatening Personal Injury. Judgment of the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court 3-1-1-68-12 and Related Judgment 3-1-1-57-10, Juridica Abstract, 2012, No. 8, pp. 647-651
  • Neutral Aid and Unlawful Nature of Aiding. Decision No. 3-1-1-4-12 of Criminal Chamber of Supreme Court, Juridica Abstract, 2012, No. 2, pp. 142-145
  • State of Need of Assistance Upon Rape and Satisfaction of Sexual Desire. CCSCd 3-1-1-111-10, 3-1-1-48-11 and 3-1-1-61-11, Juridica Abstract, 2011, No. 7, pp. 548-553
  • On the Definition of Penal Law: Kin, Dependents and Strangers, Juridica Abstract, 2011, No.1, pp. 59-67
  • Responsibility upon Concurrence of Offences, Juridica Abstract, 2010, No. 1, pp. 11-23
  • Aiding a Crime. Judgment of the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court in Case 3-1-1-97-09, Juridica Abstract, 2009, No. 10, pp. 722-725
  • A Selection of Decisions of the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court in the Interpretation and Development of Law, Juridica Abstract, 2009, No. 8, pp. 540-554
  • Conviction Based on an Alternative Offence. The Competing Principles of In Dubio Pro Reo and Iura Novit Curia, Juridica Abstract, 2009, No. 2, pp. 108-113
  • Repeated Minor Theft and Systematic Theft. Judgment of the Criminal Law Chamber of the Supreme Court in Case No. 3-1-1-36-07, Juridica Abstract, 2008, No. 7, pp. 507-509
  • Limitation Periods for Offences and Limitation Periods for the Execution of a Judgment as Institutions of Penal Law, Juridica Abstract, 2008, No. 5, pp. 293-298
  • The Role of the General Part of Penal Law in the Legal System. Judgment of the Supreme Court en banc No. 3-1-1-88-07 and of the Criminal Law Panel No. 3-1-1-32-08, Juridica Abstract, 2008, No. 5, pp. 338-341
  • Arranging a Bribe (Section 296 of the Penal Code) as a Crime with the Necessary Element of Complicity, Juridica Abstract, 2008, No. 4, pp. 265-267
  • New Column – Speculum practici, Juridica Abstract, 2008, No. 2, pp.127-128
  • Confiscation of a Motor Vehicle in Case of Violation of § 424 of the Penal Code, Juridica Abstract, 2007, No. 10, pp. 687-694
  • Is Damaging Natural Resources Harmful to Society? Estonian Penal Law in Protecting the Natural Environment, Juridica Abstract, 2007, No. 7, pp. 474-478
  • Crisis Resolution in the Estonian Legal System, from a Penal Law Aspect, Juridica Abstract, 2007, No. 2, pp. 82-86
  • What Should Be Done When the Harmfulness of a Person Is Greater Than His Guilt? The Experience of Germany As Regards Non-Penalty Sanctions, Juridica Abstract, 2006, No. 8, pp. 519-529
  • Obligation of Legal Persons: New Developments in Estonian Court Practice, Juridica Abstract, 2005, No. 10, pp. 671-681
  • Two Years of the Penal Code – New Law and New Problems? Juridica Abstract, 2005, No. 1, pp. 35-44
  • The physics of penal law. Act and effect: old and new concepts in penal law, Juridica Abstract, 2004, No. 3, pp. 168-175
  • Dear Reader, Juridica Abstract, 2004, No. 3, pp. 149
  • Negligence: a Developing Concept in the Dogmatics of Law, Juridica Abstract, 2003, No. 2, pp. 92-106
  • Commented Publications of Legislative Acts, Criminal Codes in Particular, and the Methodology of Comments, Juridica Abstract, 2002, No. 5, pp. 346-349
  • Guilt Capacity in the Penal Code, Juridica Abstract, 2002, No. 2, pp. 82-88
  • The Definition and Structure of Offence in the Penal Code, Juridica Abstract, 2001, No. 7, pp. 447-455
  • Bases for Imposition of Punishment in the Penal Code, Juridica Abstract, 2001, No. 7, pp. 475-487
  • Practice of the Supreme Court in Matters Regarding Criminal Official, Juridica Abstract, 2001, No. 2, pp. 88-99
  • Punishable Inaction: a Forgotten Dogmatic Element, Juridica Abstract, 2000, No. 7, pp. 427-434
  • Estonia’s Statehood and Estonian Law, Juridica Abstract, 2000, No. 2, pp. 71-73
  • New Developments in Penal Theory and Criminal Policy, Juridica Abstract, 2000, No. 1, pp. 3-1
  • Corpus Juris and Estonian Criminal Law, Juridica Abstract, 1999, No. 4, pp. 176-184
  • Bribery: New Interpretation of the Law?, Juridica Abstract, 1998, No. 8, pp. 397-403
  • Criminal Law for Juvenile Offenders, Juridica Abstract, 1998, No. 4, pp. 181-186
  • Definition of Crime and Criminal Law B ased on Rule of Law, Juridica Abstract, 1998, No. 1, pp. 23-27
  • Desire for Children and Human Dignity of Child and Embryo: Artificial Insemination and Embryo Protection Act, Juridica Abstract, 1997, No. 9, pp. 455-461
  • Criminal Law Based on the Principles of the Rule of Law: Transformation of Estonian Criminal Law, Jurisprudence and Legal Consciousness, Juridica Abstract, 1997, No. 9, pp. 442-444
  • Qualification of Forest-related Crimes, Juridica Abstract, 1997, No. 6, pp. 314-317
  • The Concept of Crime and Elements of Crime, Juridica Abstract, 1997, No. 5, pp. 222-225
  • Woman’s Right of Self-determination and the Right of Life of a Fetus. Regulation of Abortion in Criminal Law, Juridica Abstract, 1997, No. 2, pp. 78-84
  • Consideration of the Person of an Offender upon Imposition of Punishment, Juridica Abstract, 1997,  No. 1, pp. 31-36
  • Arguments for and against Death Penalty, Juridica Abstract, 1996, No. 3, pp. 102-105
  • Acts Concerning the Procedure for Bringing Criminal Charges against Higher Civil Servants, Juridica Abstract, 1995, No. 10, pp. 426-428
  • The Estonian Penal Reform: Foreign Experience and Future Perspectives, Juridica Abstract, 1995, No. 9, pp. 402-408
  • Issues Related to Euthanasia, Juridica Abstract, 1995, No. 8, pp. 334-336
  • The Concept of Law of Medicine in the Legal System, Juridica Abstract, 1995, No. 8, pp. 332-334
  • The Law of Medicine and Ethics, Juridica Abstract, 1995, No. 8, pp. 331-332
  • The Draft Criminal Code and the On-going Legal Reform in Criminal Law, Juridica Abstract, 1995, No. 3, pp. 103-105

Job

  • Professor of Criminal Law, University of Tartu
    Head, Department of Criminal Law, University of Tartu

 

Personal data

  • Born: July 16, 1948, Tallinn
    E-mail: jaan.sootak@ut.ee

Education

  • PhD, Institute of Law, Moscow, 1980
  • Faculty of Law, University of Tartu, 1966-1971

Career

  • Professor of Criminal Law, University of Tartu, 1992–current
  • Consultant to the Criminal Chamber, Supreme Court of the Republic of Estonia, 1994–current
  • Docent, Faculty of Law, University of Tartu, 1982–1992
  • Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law, University of Tartu, 1974–1982
  • Prosecutor’s Office, 1971–1974

Main areas of research

  • Scientific Basis of Estonian Criminal Law and Criminal Law Reform, Criminal Policy, Legal Protection of Human Life and Human Being

Grants and projects

  • Estonian Science Foundation (ETF) Target Financing SF0182740s06 for Project: Estonian Legal Space in Global Legal Space, 2006-2011
  • Estonian Science Foundation (ETF) Target Financing SF0181782s01 for Project: The Reform and Development of the Estonian Legal System and its Relationships with the EU Legal Order. With 11 Team Members, 2001–2005
  • International project from Kluwer Law International: Imprisonment Today an Tomorrow (International Perspectives on Prisoner’s Rights and Prison Conditions), with R. Antsmäe and O. Israel, 1998–2001
  • International project, Freiburg: Max-Planck-Institut für Ausländisches und Internationales Strafrecht , Volkswagen Foundation, Germany): Strafrecht in Reaktion auf Systemunrecht. Vergleichende Einblicke in Transitionsprozesse. Estland . Criminal Law in Reaction to State Crime. Comparative Insights into Transitional Processes. Estonia. With J. Saar, 1997–2001
  • Estonian Science Foundation (ETF ) grant No. 3998 for project: Estonian Penal Policy: from Totalitarian to Democratic Criminal Law. With R. Antsmäe, J. Ginter, S. Laos, P. Pikamäe, P. Randma, 1999–2000
  • Open Estonia Foundation (OEF) grant for publication: Draft of Estonian Criminal Code. General Part. With M. Ernits, P. Pikamäe, E. Samson, 1997
  • Estonian Science Foundation (ETF ) grant for project: Juvenile Criminal Law. With J. Ginter and H. Saarsoo, 1997–1998
  • Estonian Science Foundation (ETF ) target financing No. 0539 for project: Reform of Estonian National Legal Order in Public Law: Conceptual Positions of Departure, Legislation, Standards of Interpretation, Legal Decision. With 11 team members, 1996–2000
  • Open Estonia Foundation (OEF) grant for project: Development of Teaching of Medical Law in the University of Tartu, 1996
  • Open Estonia Foundation (OEF) grant for publication: Criminal Policy, 1996
  • Open Estonia Foundation grant (OEF) for publication: Crimes against Person, 1995
  • Estonian Law Centre Foundation (ELC), World Bank grant for publication: Economic Crimes, 1995

Professional activity and membership

  • Member of the Estonian Association for Criminal Justice and Legal Protection of Financial Interests of the European Union, 1999–current
  • Founding Member of the Law Philosophy Society of Estonia, 1999–current
  • Member of Gesellschaft für Rechtsvergleichung (Freiburg, Germany), 1997–current
  • Member of the Association Internationale de Droit Penal (Pau, France), 1997–current
  • Founding Member of the Estonian Academic Law Society (EAÕS ), 1988–current
  • Member of the Editorial Board of the Journal Akadeemia 1998–current
  • Member of the State Council of Crime Prevention, 1992–current
  • Member of the Board of Human Research Ethics of the University of Tartu, 1995–1998
  • Member of the Estonian Council of Bioethics, 1998–current
  • Member of the Council of the Faculty of Law 1985–current

Participation in scientific conferences and seminars

  • International Conference: Drug Free Estonia II. Presentation: Drug Crimes in Applicable and Future Criminal Law. Tallinn, September 8–9, 2000
  • International Seminar: Strafvollzug, Jugendstrafrecht, Kriminologie . Presentation: Strafvollzug und Jugendstrafrecht. Stand und Tendenzen in Estland - rechtsvergleichende Aspekte. Greifswald (Hiddensee), Germany, June 30– July 2, 2000
  • International Seminar: Die neueste Entwicklung des Allgemeinen Teils des Strafrechts. Presentation: Allgemeiner Teil des estnischen Strafrechts – Stand und Reform. Helsinki, Finland, May 18–19, 2000
  • Meeting of the Baltic Assembly Legal Committee. Presentation: Comparative Analysis of the Penal Code (the New Criminal Code) of the Three Baltic States: Estonia. Pärnu, Estonia, April 6–7, 2000
  • International Seminar: Crime, Law and Civil Society. Presentation: Criminal Policy and the Society. Are Criminal Law and Criminal Policy Becoming More Social? Tallinn, October 18–19, 1999
  • International Seminar: Penal Legislation: Current Situation and Future Perspectives. Presentation: Legal Policy and Legal Dogmatic Bases of Estonian Criminal Law Reform. Vilnius, Lithuania, September 30–October 1,1999
  • International Seminar: Strafvollzug und Jugendstrafrecht. Rechtsvergleichende Aspekte. Presentation: Reform des estnischen Strafvollzugs. Greifswald (Hiddensee), Germany, July 1–4, 1999
  • International Colloquium: Strafrecht in Reaktion auf Systemunrecht . Presentation: Strafrecht in Reaktion auf Systemunrecht. Landesbericht Estland (with J. Saar). Freiburg, Germany, June 2–6, 1999
  • International Seminar: On Combating of the contrafaction. Paris, November 16–20, 1998
  • International Conference: Third Pillar and Protection of European Union Financial Interests. (European Commission, University of Tartu). Presentation: Corpus Juris and Estonian Criminal Law. Tallinn, Estonia, July 9–10,1998
  • International Seminar: Problems of Juvenile Criminal Law and Criminal Enforcement Law in International Comparison. Presentation: Probleme des Jugendstrafrechts und des Strafvollzugs im internationalen Vergleich: Estland. Hiddensee (Greifswald), Germany, June 25–28, 1998
  • International Seminar: Nord-Baltic-Prison-Project. Presentation: Estonian Criminal Law Reform and Penal Policy. Stockholm, Sweden, October 22–26, 1997
  • International Seminar: Aktuelle Fragen des Medizinrechts. Presentation: Über den Stand des Medizinrechts in Estland. Tartu, Estonia, September 23, 1997
  • International Seminar: Co-operation between Estonia and the EU in the Field of Justice and Home Affairs (Third Pillar Issues). Presentation: Faculty of Law of the University of Tartu and European Union Law Training Programme. Pärnu, Estonia, June 9–10, 1997
  • International Seminar: Medicine and Law. Presentation: On the Draft Artificial Insemination and Embryo Protection Act. Tartu, Estonia, December 6–7, 1996
  • International Seminar: Rechtsvergleichende Aspekte des Verbrechensbegriffes und die Strafrechtsreform. Presentation: Verbrechensbegriff und die estnische Strafrechtsreform. Helsinki, Finland, September 24–25, 1996
  • Session of the Baltic Assembly Legal Committee. Presentation: Main Directions of Estonian Criminal Law Reform. Riga, Latvia, August 30, 1996
  • Estonian Physicians Days. Presentation: Legal and Ethical Positions of Departure of in vitro Fertilisation. Tartu, Estonia, May 24, 1996
  • All-Estonian Meeting: Crime as a Social Problem. Presentation: Criminal Policy and Applicable Criminal Law. Tallinn, Estonia, May 15, 1996
  • International Seminar: Compliance with International Standards: Reform of Criminal Code, Criminal Procedure Code and Sentence Execution Code. Presentation: Has Estonian Criminal Law Become More Human? The Present Situation and Prospects of Estonian Criminal Law and Human Rights. Riga, Latvia, March 1–2, 1996

Studies abroad

  • University of Greifswald, Germany, 1998, 1999, 2000
  • Max-Planck-Institut für Ausländisches und Internationales Strafrecht , Freiburg, Germany, 1991, 1993, 1997, 1999
  • University of Köln, Germany , 1996, 1998
  • University of Stockholm, Sweden, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996
  • University of Münster, Germany, 1995
  • University of Kiel, Germany, 1994
  • Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, Germany, 1988

Hobbies and community work

  • Member of Estonian Society of Nature Protection

Honours/Awards

  • Law Journal Juridica, author of the year, 1995, 2007
  • 3rd class Order of the White Star, 2001
  • Journal Akadeemia, the best author, 1993

Teaching practice

  • History of Criminal Law (Obligatory Special Course), 1991–1998
  • Medical Law (Optional Course), 1995–current
  • Criminal Law. General Part (Main Course), 1992–current
  • Criminal Policy (Optional Course), 1992–current
  • Crimes against Property (Obligatory Special Course), 1980–1992
  • Criminal Executive Law (Main Course), 1974–1992
  • Criminal Law. Special Part (Main Course), 1974–current

Publications

  • Penal Code. Commented Edition. 4th ed., compiled by P. Pikamäe, J. Sootak. Tallinn: Juura, 2015. (in Estonian).
  • Penal Code. Commented Edition. 3rd ed., compiled by P. Pikamäe, J. Sootak. Tallinn: Juura, 2009. 1144 p. (in Estonian).
  • J. Sootak. Liability for Causing Damage [Vastutus kahju tekitamise eest]. Yearbook of Courts. Tallinn: Juura, Õigusteabe AS, 2008, pp. 95-98. (in Estonian).
  • J. Sootak. Of the Methods for Solving Case Analyses in Penal Power [Karistusõiguse kaasusülesannete lahendamise metoodikast]. Juura, Õigusteabe AS, 2008.
  • J. Sootak, M.  Luts-Sootak. Strafgesetz als Mittel zur Überwindung der Rechtsirritation. Rechtstheorie, 38, 2007, S. 355-366.
  • J. Sootak, A. Parmas. Developing the Definition of the Crime od Genocide trough National Criminal Laws. Nuotio, Kimmo (Eds.). Festschrift. In honour of Raimo Lahti. Helsinki: University of Helsinki Press, 2007, pp. 61-73.
  • J. Sootak, E. Kergandberg. Landesbericht Estland. Organisierte Kriminalität und kriminelle Organisationen. Gropp, W.; Sinn, A. (Eds.). Organisierte Kriminalität und kriminelle Organisationen. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 2006, S. 173-195.
  • J. Sootak, E. Elkind. The concept of corporate criminal responsibility and its further developments in the Estonian case law. – Rikosoikeudellisia kirjoituksia VIII. Raimo Lahdelle 12.1.2006 omistettu. Helsinki: Suomalainen Lakimiesyhdistys 2006, pp. 421-435.
  • J. Sootak. Grundelemente der subjektiven Verantwortlichkeit im estnischen Strafrecht. Eser, A.; Arnold, J.; Trappe, J. (Eds.). Strafrechtsentwicklung in Osteuropa. Zwischen bewältigten und neuen Herausforderungen (224-233). Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 2005, S. 224-233.
  • M. Luts, J.  Sootak. Das estnische Strafgesetzbuch von 2002 ? Ende oder Beginn der Strafrechtsreform?. Zeitschrift für die gesamte Strafrechtswissenschaft, 2005, Vol. 117, Nr. 3, S. 651-676.
  • Penal Code. Commented Edition. 2nd ed., compiled by P. Pikamäe, J. Sootak. Tallinn: Juura, 2004. 892 p. (in Estonian).
  • J. Saar, J.  Sootak. Landesbericht Estland und rechtspolitische Schlussfolgerungen. Eser, A.; Arnold, J. (Eds.). Strafrecht in Reaktion auf Systemunrecht: Rußland, Weißrußland, Georgien, Estland, Litauen. Freiburg in Breisgau: Edition Iuscrim, 2003, S. 168-180, 261-278.
  • J. Sootak, A. Nõmper. Estland und Island. Weweiser in der Kodifizierung des Genbankenrechts. In: Strafrecht, biorecht, Rechtsphilosophie. Festschrift für Hans-Ludwig Schreiber zum 70. Geburtstag am 10. Mai 2003: (Eds.)Amelung, K.; Beulke, W.; Lilie, H.; Rosenau, H.; Rüping, H.; Wolfslast, G.. Heidelberg: Müller, 2003, S. 869-879.
  • Penal Code. Commented Edition.  Compiled by P. Pikamäe, J. Sootak. Tallinn: Juura, 2002. 772 p. (in Estonian).
  • J. Sootak, P. Pikamäe. Estonian Criminal Law: Reform as a Path to Independence. – European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice (Kluwer Law International), 2000, Vol 8/1, pp. 61–78.
  • J. Sootak, J. Saar. Strafrecht in Reaktion auf Systemunrecht. Vergleichende Einblicke in Transitionsprozesse. Estland (S. 105–111); Criminal Law in Reaction to State Crime. Comparative Insights into Transitional Processes. Estonia, pp. 111–117. Freiburg: Max–Planck–Institut für Strafrecht, 2000.
  • J. Sootak, J. Ginter, H. Saarsoo. Juvenile Delinquency. Criminal Law, Procedural and Criminological Aspect. (written under ETF Grant No. 1882). Tallinn: Juura Õigusteabe AS, 2000. 47 p. (in Estonian).
  • J. Sootak. Legal-political and Dogmatical Basis of Estonian Criminal Law Reform). - Vilnius University. Research Papers. Law, Vilnius, 2000, Vol 36, pp. 107–112 (in Russian).
  • J. Sootak. Fear of Crime, Social Control and Communitarism. Is Criminal Law Becoming More Social? – Akadeemia, 2000, No. 10, pp. 2069–2102 (in Estonian).
  • J. Sootak, M. Ernits, P. Pikamäe, E. Samson. Draft General Part of the Penal Code. Positions of Departure and Reasoning. Tallinn: Juura Õigusteabe AS , 1999, 166 p. (in Estonian).
  • J. Sootak, P. Pikamäe. La reforme du droit pénal estonien: la voie vers l‘indépendance. – Revue Pénitentiaire et de Droit Pénal 1999 (Paris: Edition Cujas) , No. 2, pp. 193–216.
  • J. Sootak. Verbrechensbegriff und Tatbestand: Erfahrungen der russisch-sowjetischen Strafrechtswissenschaft und deren Ausstrahlungen in Estland. - Ost-Europa Recht (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Osteuropakunde; Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt Stuttgart), 1998, Nr. 1, S. 57–67.
  • J. Sootak, M. Luts. Rechtsreform in Estland als Rezeptions- und Bildungsaufgabe. – Juristenzeitung (Mohr & Siebeck, Tübingen), 1998, H 8, S.401–403.
  • J. Sootak, M. Kurm. A Wish to have a Baby and the Dignity of the Child and Embryo: About the Law on Artificial Insemination and Embryo Protection of the Republic of Estonia. – European Journal of Health Law (Kluwer Law International), 1998, No. 5, pp. 191–201.
  • J. Sootak, M. Luts. Artificial Insemination and Embryo Protection Act. Commented Edition. – Texts on Medical Law II. Tartu, 1998 (in Estonian).
  • J. Sootak. Economic Criminal Law. Publication for Basic and Complementary Studies of Lawyers. Tartu: Estonian Law Centre Foundation, 1998. 55 p. (in Estonian).
  • J. Sootak. Offences against Person. Publication for Students of Faculty of Law. 2nd Edition. Tartu: Juura Õigusteabe AS, 1998. 95 p. (in Estonian).
  • J. Sootak. From Blood Feud to Criminal Therapy. Discussions on the History of Criminal Law. 2nd Revised Edition. Tallinn: Juura Õigusteabe AS, 1998. 269 p. (in Estonian).
  • J. Sootak. Criminal Offences Against Property. Tartu: Lawyers Training Centre, 1997. 92 p. (in Estonian).
  • J. Sootak. Criminal Policy. Tallinn: Juura Õigusteabe AS , 1997. 189 p. (in Estonian).

Languages

  • Estonian (Native)
  • German (Fluent)
  • Russian (Fluent)
  • English (Fair)

 

Articles in Juridica International



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