Värk, René


Articles in Juridica

  • Self-determination, Secession, and the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice on the Issue on Kosovo, Juridica Abstract, 2014, No. 7, pp. 561-568
  • Legal Status of Private Undertakings Providing Military and Security Services in an Armed Conflict, Juridica Abstract, 2012, No. 10, pp. 780-789
  • State Responsibility for Terrorist Non-state Actors, Juridica Abstract, 2012, No. 2, pp. 101-111
  • Terrorism as Interpreted by the Security Council, Juridica Abstract, 2010, No. 2, pp. 130-144
  • Diplomatic Missions and Protection of Staff in the Receiving State, Juridica Abstract, 2008, No. 1, pp. 46–56
  • Legitimacy of Israel’s Security Fence: Some Comments On the Positions of the International Court of Justice and the Supreme Court of Israel, Juridica Abstract, 2005, No. 10, pp. 731–742
  • The War of the Allies in Iraq: a Legitimate Reaction or an Illegal Aggression?, Juridica Abstract, 2003, No. 7, pp. 496–500
  • Humanitarian Intervention, Juridica Abstract, 2003, No. 2, pp. 127-137
  • Resort to Military Force: International Law and Practice, Juridica Abstract, 2002, No. 7, pp. 487–501


  • Associate Professor of International Law, University of Tartu

Personal data

  • Born: December 10, 1977


  • Doctor iuris, Faculty of Law, University of Tartu, 2011
  • Doctoral Student, University of Tartu, 2002–2011
  • LLM, Stockholm University, 2001
  • BA, History, University of Tallinn, 2009 (cum laude)
  • BA, Law, Institute of Law, 2000 (magna cum laude)


  • Associate Professor of International Law, University of Tartu, 2012–current
  • Lecturer of International Law, University of Tartu, 2002–2012
  • Director of Studies, Institute of Law, University of Tartu, 2002–2008
  • Lecturer of Public International Law, Institute of Law, 2001–2002
  • Lawyer, Ministry of Environment, 1999–2000

Main areas of research

  • Use of Armed Force
  • International Humanitarian Law
  • Diplomatic and Consular Law

Professional activity and membership

  • Judge (written phase), Telders International Law Moot Court Competition, The Hague (2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009)
  • Judge (oral rounds), Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition, Washington (2004, 2005, 2006)
  • Member of the American Society of International Law
  • Member of the European Society of International Law
  • Member of the Martens Society
  • Executive Editor of the Acta Societatis Martensis

Studies abroad

  • Practical Activities of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, Red Cross of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bjelasnica, 2007
  • Training Seminar on International Humanitarian Law, International Committee of the Red Cross, Geneva, 2004
  • Training Programme on International Law, Leuven Catholic University, 2002

Teaching practice

  • International Law
  • International Humanitarian Law
  • International Economic Law
  • International Organisations
  • International Courts and Tribunals
  • Diplomatic and Consular Law
  • Terrorism and International Law
  • Use of Armed Force in International Law

Hobbies and community work

  • Travelling
  • Running


  • R. Värk. Sissejuhatus rahvusvahelisse õigusse [Introduction to International Law],  Tartu University Press, 2005 (in Estonian).
  • R. Värk. Diplomaatiline õigus [Diplomatic Law]. Tallinn: Juura, 2004 (in Estonian).
  • R. Värk. Kollektiivne enesekaitse: ajalugu, teooria ja praktika [Collective Self-Defence: History, Theory and Practice], 3 Acta Societatis Martensis, 2007/2008, pp. 98–118.
  • R. Liivoja, R. Värk. Rahvusvahelise Kriminaalkohtu Rooma statuudi rakendamine Eesti õigussüsteemis [Implementation of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court in the Estonian Legal System], 13 Riigikogu Toimetised , 2006, pp. 165–171 (in Estonian).
  • R. Liivoja, R. Värk, M. Kastemäe. Implementation of the Rome Statute in Estonia, 16 Finnish Yearbook of International Law, 2005, pp. 79–101.
  • R. Värk. Terrorismi definitsioon: kas tänane tegelikkus või kättesaamatu Püha Graal? [The Definition of Terrorism: Today’s Reality or the Unattainable Holy Grail?], 1 Acta Societatis Martensis, 2005, pp. 139–157.
  • R. Värk. Diplomatic Agents, Civil Actions and Jurisdictional Immunity — R. Värk (ed.), Estonian Law Reform and Global Challenges: Essays Celebrating the Tenth Anniversary of the Institute of Law, University of Tartu, Tartu University Press, 2005, pp. 25–42.
  • R. Värk. Terrorism and Use of Force: From Defensive Reaction to Pre-Emptive Action? 22 Sicherheit und Frieden, 2004, No. 3, pp. 146–151.
  • R. Värk. The Use of Force in the Modern World: Recent Developments and Legal Regulation of the Use of Force, 10 Baltic Defence Review, 2003, No. 2, 27–44.

Articles in Juridica International